Czech is the official language of the Czech Republic, with approximately 13 million speakers around the globe. The language is also widely used in neighboring countries, esp. Slovakia and parts of Austria. In addition, large groups of native Czech speakers can be found in Germany, the USA and Canada. Czech has been an official EU language since 2004.
The first records of the Czech language are religious songs and short text documents dating back to the 12th century. In the 14th century, individual passages of the Bible were translated into Czech.
The Czech alphabet uses the Latin script with the addition of diacritical marks. The language itself is very similar to Slovak, and the two countries have special ties because of their common past as federal states in the former Czechoslovakia. In fact, the Czech Republic and Slovakia mutually recognize official documents written in the other country’s language.
Although the two languages are almost indistinguishable from one another, you should only trust a native speaker when it comes to translating your documents. Even minor differences can have a major impact on your credibility.